Chapter 11: On the lines of the body

Comment/Interpretation:

Chapter 9 is a description of how to divide up the body into target areas. Even the head is divided into four areas, possibly reflecting different cuts to the head.

Plate 6#2 lines on the body

Translation:

CHAPTER XI

On the lines of the body.

It is important to understand the lines of the human body as every type of wound is named after the line it is caused in or by. There are nine lines: five vertical, two horizontal and two diagonal. To understand these, imagine a person standing up and looking straight at you with their feet together or with heels slightly apart. The first line starts exactly between the heels and bisects the body from heels to head going through the middle of the nose. This divides the body into two equal parts and is called the chest bisecting line. Two more lines fall from the armpit and go vertically down to the

outside of the hips and down to the outside edge of the feet. These are called the outside vertical lines. The collateral lines are also vertical lines which are half way between the chest bisecting and vertical lines. They run from the outside of each ear vertically down to the inside of the foot and bisecting the big toe. All these lines are vertical but we need to use their correct names if we do not want to confuse ourselves when it comes to landing attacks on our opponent.

The first horizontal line runs from shoulder to shoulder and is called the shoulder line. The second line is called the waist line and divides the body in two as it runs under the bottom of the ribcage and through the belly button. The shoulder and waist lines, together with the outside vertical lines draw a square around the chest. Two more lines cross this square. They each run from the points where the outside vertical line crosses with the shoulder line and runs diagonally down to the opposite corner of the square, where the waist line meets the outside vertical line. These are the diagonal lines. They form four right-angles where they cross in the middle of the chest. The same diagonals can also be drawn over the face. This can all be seen in plate six.

Original Text:

CAPITULO XI.

L{neas consid,radas m ti merpo dtl hombre.

Es muy necesaria la inteligencia de Jas lineas consi­ deradas en el cuerpo del hombre- para el uso de la ver­ dadera  destreza , porque  todo  genera de  herida  toma el nombr::: de b Iinea don.le tine la. exccucion . Estas se re• ducen a llUCVe ; a SJbr , ciuco 7Hrtic,:1/cs , dos florizon­ tafes , y dos di,1gonales. Para su distincion s<! ha de su• poner al hombre  rnn cl cuerpo dcrccho, los pi .:s juntos  , muy  poco  apartaJo,,   mi ra ndole  de   frente , o quadrado,formando con el todo angulo solido. En esta Jisposicion se ha de  consider:.u que le subc  una  linea  desJe los talones a lo alto de la c:ibeza , y baxa per pend icular tocando en la nariz, dividicndole  en dos partes  iguales , a la  que  se le da el nombre de diametral del pecho. Del nacimiento de cada brazo por baxo se considera caer una lmea recta , que toca en los tovillos de cada pie; estas se llaman ‘THrticaies: otras dos se consideran baJLar por entre la diametral y verti­ cales , tienen su principio o nacimiento en las orejas y  fin en la garganta de cada pie ; estas tienen el nombre de co­ lateraies. Bien se dexa conoccr que estas cinco  lineas   son verticales ; pero para la distincion de cada una es preciso aplicarlas los nombres dichos, a fin de que no sirva de con­ fusion en las execuciones de las heridas. De hombro a horn­bro se considera una linea , que se llama de la ,ontingencia: otra se considera pasar por el ombligo 6cbtura, que tiene su principio y fin en las verticales  de los costados,  divide  el cuerpo ·por medio ; su nombre horizontal, y forma con la de la contingencia  un  quadrangulo  en  el  pecho.Otras dos se consideran cruzar este quadrangulo : tienen  su  princi­ pio en los angulos superiores . y fin en los opuestos infe­ riores; sus nombres diagonalts , forman quatro angulos en rnedio del pecho en el tocamento que hacen. Este mismo quadrangulo se considera en el rostro con las misrnas lineas, como  todo lo manifiesta  la  figura  de la  estampa  nwn. 6.

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